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The 16 Licenses and Permits Needed to Open a Restaurant

The 16 Licenses and Permits Needed to Open a Restaurant

Opening a restaurant is a dream come true for owners, managers and chefs alike, but there’s a lot of paperwork that needs to be filled before that dream becomes a reality, specifically, all the licenses and permits needed to open a restaurant and ensure it’s legally compliant.

Surely you knew you needed a liquor license, but did you know that to open a new restaurant you need dozens of restaurant licenses and permits before you can welcome guests?

Applying for and acquiring each of these restaurant licenses and permits involves a lot of paperwork and patience, but it’s absolutely necessary.

That’s why we’ve put together a list of the 16 licenses and permits you need to open a restaurant the right way and avoid any penalties in the future. 

Let’s dive in!

The restaurant permits and licenses you need: an overview

  1. Register your business name
  2. Business license
  3. Certificate of occupancy
  4. Sign permit
  5. Foodservice license 
  6. Employer Identification Number (EIN) 
  7. Food handler’s permit
  8. Building health permit
  9. Liquor license
  10. Live entertainment and music license
  11. Resale permit
  12. Sales tax license
  13. Dumpster placement permit
  14. Seller’s permit
  15. Valet parking permit
  16. Foodtruck permit

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1. Register your business name

Thinking of a restaurant name is no easy task. Once you find the perfect restaurant name, the first thing you should do is get it legally registered and purchase your domain name for your website and claim your social media handles.

Think of this as identity protection for your restaurant. You’re ensuring that no other business can operate using your name. There are three ways you can do this:

File a DBA 

The easiest way to register your business name is to file for a DBA (Doing Business As). 

What is a DBA? 

A DBA is the operating name of a company, as opposed to the company’s legal name. Some states require DBA or fictitious business name filings to be made to protect consumers who do business with the entity. 

How do you file for a DBA? 

Procedures to file for a fictitious name vary from state to state. In many cases, you have to go to your county office and pay a registration fee to the county clerk. Depending on your jurisdiction, filing for a DBA can take anywhere between 1 to 4 weeks. 

How much it cost to file for a DBA? 

The cost to file a DBA varies by state, but for it generally costs between $10 to $100

Create a business structure

This is the most common path. Here is where you decide the type of business you will run. There are three business structures to choose from: a sole proprietorship, Limited Liability Company (LLC) or corporation.

What is a sole proprietorship?

A sole proprietorship is the simplest type of business under which one can operate. It’s not a legal entity, it’s simply a person who owns a business and is personally responsible for its debts. Income and losses are taxed on the individual’s personal income tax return. 

A sole proprietorship can operate either under the name of its owner (like freelancers, for example) or under a fictitious name, such as Johnny’s Burger Bar. 

What is a Limited Liability Company (LLC)? 

Unlike a sole proprietorship, an LLC is a corporate structure in the U.S. where the owners are not personally liable for the company’s debts or liabilities. LLCs are hybrid entities that share characteristics of a corporation, partnership or sole proprietorship. 

To see whether or not an LLC is right for you, we suggest checking out this informative blog from Investopedia. 

What is a corporation? 

Almost all of the biggest, most well-known companies in the world are corporations, like McDonald’s and Starbucks. 

A corporation is a legal entity that is distinct and separate from its owners. Corporations benefit from many of the rights and responsibilities of an individual person: they can enter contracts, loan and borrow money, own assets and pay taxes. A corporation’s most important aspect is its limited liability.

File a trademark application

This third option requires you to file a trademark application with your state or country to prevent others from using your business name. 

Many business owners mistakenly think that filing incorporation papers for your restaurant automatically extends some sort of trademark protection for that name in the process. However, this isn’t the case. While it is true that your incorporation request will be denied if you try to incorporate “Jackson’s Country Cooking, Inc.” in your state but another business is already incorporated with that name, it is completely separate from the trademark process. An approved state incorporation request does not mean that you have free and clear rights to the business name—it simply means that no other business in your state may incorporate with that name. Businesses in your state can incorporate with similar names, and businesses in other states can incorporate with the same exact name.

The reality is that the incorporation and trademark processes are two completely different processes. For the greatest level of protection for your restaurant, file for trademark protection from the USPTO or CIPO for your name.

What is a trademark?

A trademark protects anything used to identify your business from others (words, names, symbols, devices or any combination of these). Trademarks indicate the source of the goods and services produced.  

Filing for federal trademark protection for your name not only gives you recourse if a competitor opens a similarly named business just down the road from yours, but it also gives you (and anyone who may want to buy your successful restaurant) the option to grow locally, regionally and even nationally, with the confidence that another brand won’t be able to benefit from your hard work.

Arbitrary or fanciful names offer the greatest level of trademark protection, while names that are generic or merely descriptive may not qualify for trademark protection at all. For example, if you’re opening up your new barbecue restaurant, naming it “Blue Moon Bar-B-Que” or “Holy Smokes Barbecue” is more likely to obtain trademark approval than a name like “Best Barbeque” or “Texas Barbecue.” As you’re considering name choices for your restaurant, work with a trademark attorney to ensure that the names are available and have a good chance of receiving trademark protection.

2. Business license 

To operate a business, no matter where you live, you need a business license. 

A business license is one of the most important restaurant licenses and permits. It gives you legal permission to operate a business. The process of acquiring a business differs depending on which country or state you live in. 

In the United States, the license has to be based on your restaurant’s address. 

How do I get a restaurant business license?

You need to visit your city or county’s license center and register for your business license on the state level. You can visit the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA)’s website to find out the state and city-specific rules for obtaining a business license.

Fundera also put together a comprehensive blog covering how to apply for a business license in each state. 

In Canada, you can incorporate your business federally and/or provincially. 

How do you decide? Think about the future of your restaurant. If you’re only planning to operate in one province, incorporate with your provincial government. If you plan to open multiple locations across the country, you may want to incorporate on both the provincial and federal level. 

How much does a restaurant business license cost?

The cost to obtain a restaurant business license varies by province or city and state, though it is generally around USD$50 for most applications. However, other costs associated with obtaining your business license can vary from as much as USD$25 to $7,000.


3. Certificate of occupancy

As soon as your restaurant’s commercial space has passed its final building inspection, your local building or zoning department in your city will issue you a certificate of occupancy. 

What is a restaurant certificate of occupancy? 

A certificate of occupancy certifies that your building has been properly constructed and maintained. 

How to get a certificate of occupancy for your restaurant

The procedure for getting a certificate of occupancy varies depending on the jurisdiction in which your business operates, as well as the building’s structure. 

In order to obtain a certificate of occupancy, your restaurant’s building must pass a series of inspections. These inspections can include plumbing, electrical, fire safety and general building inspection. 

To start the process of obtaining your certificate of occupancy, contact your local government (usually the county or province’s building department).


4. Sign permit

Before you put up signage of any kind to draw attention to your restaurant, you need a sign permit from your city government. The standards around acceptable size, location and lighting vary by city. If you’re renting or leasing your restaurant space (rather than purchasing it outright) it’s also a good idea to get written approval from your landlord to go along with the official sign permit. 

How to get a sign permit

Typically, outdoor signs must be approved by your local government. Be sure to look into your city’s specific requirements and don’t make any assumptions. 


5. Foodservice license 

In order to serve food in a restaurant, you need a food service license, which is generally issued by the city or county health department. 

The health department will visit your establishment in-person to ensure that you are adhering to all restaurant food safety regulations. Once you acquire your food service license, the health department will continue to regularly inspect your restaurant. If you fail any of their inspections, you risk losing your food service license—so it’s important that you’re always prepared. 

How to get a foodservice license

You can acquire a food service license either online or in-person from your local health department. You have the option of applying for either a temporary, fixed or mobile food service license. 

When you apply, you need your restaurant name, address for a permanent kitchen facility (even if you’re operating a food truck) and the restaurant owner’s personal information. 

In some instances, your foodservice license may expire automatically, so it’s important to read the fine print concerning your license renewal. 

In the United States, you should start by reviewing the food vendor’s application requirements for your specific state with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 

In 2019, Canada released the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations. You’ll want to be sure you read up on these new requirements and ensure your foodservice licenses are up to date. 

How much does a foodservice license cost?

Foodservice license fees are often based on the classification and size of the restaurant, as well as your location. As a rule of thumb, you should expect a food service license to cost between USD$100-1,000 depending on your location.


6. Employer Identification Number

Similar to a business license, all businesses need to acquire an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to operate in the U.S. and Canada. This nine-digit number is a tax ID that enables you to properly file your taxes.

It’s best to tackle this right away since the IRS only issues one EIN per day. In other words, be prepared to wait. 

How to get an Employee Identification Number

The IRS website lists three steps that you’ll to take to apply for an EIN online. 

  1. Determine your eligibility
  2. Complete the online application
  3. Submit your application


7. Food handler’s permit

As far as your employees go, this is the single most important thing you can do for them. 

What is a food handler’s permit? 

A Food Handler’s Permit (also referred to as an Employee Health Permit) is a permit that ensures your staff members individually have completed a food safety certification. This permit ensures your restaurant meets very important regulations for food sanitation, storage, protection and preparation.

How to get a food handler’s permit

Every state and province has different requirements for what certifications and courses are required. 

In the United States, ServSafe is a good resource to learn the requirements and take the courses online. Once you pass, you can print the certification for a fee. While that fee varies from state to state, it typically falls between $100 to $500. 

In Canada, it varies by province. In Vancouver, for example, you could try FOODSAFE as a resource. The process is similar to the U.S.: take the course online or in a classroom, print the certificate for a fee and get to work. 


8. Building health permit

Similar to how your restaurant had to pass an inspection for its food service license, your building may also need to pass an inspection for its building health permit. 

Normally, you can obtain a building health permit from your city or county health department at the same time as when you apple for a business license. 

How to get a building health permit

Unlike a food service license, however, not every state or province requires a building health permit.  Google your state + building health permit to learn about your state’s policies. 

Keep in mind that your restaurant will be inspected for this the same way as your health permit and after passing, must be prepared for periodic inspections as well. 


9. Liquor license 

The food service license you have won’t cover any liquor you choose to serve in your restaurant. To legally serve alcohol at your restaurant, you need a liquor license.

How to get a liquor license

In the United States, every state has it’s own Alcohol Beverage Control (ABC) Board. To start the process of obtaining a liquor license, you’ll want to contact them to learn your state’s laws and processes. They’re in charge of regulating the sale of alcohol. 

In Canada, you must own and operate the business and then apply for a license with your province’s Alcohol and Gaming Commission. You’ll fill out forms on their website and submit fees and also have to meet and local requirements for health and safety. 

What type of liquor license do I need?

A good background to know is that there are two main types of liquor licenses: on-license and off-license.

  • You will need an on-license liquor license if the alcohol you sell is intended to be consumed on the premises of your business—for example, a bar or restaurant.
  • You will need an off-license if the alcohol you sell is intended to be consumed off the premises—for example, a liquor store or grocery store.

As a bar or restaurant owner, you’ll always be looking to obtain an on-license liquor license. Nonetheless, most states have several classes of liquor licenses so you’ll want to go over all of these requirements.

Other types of liquor licenses

When you’ve determined whether you’ll need an on-premise or off-premise liquor license, you’ll need to obtain the right permit for the type and/or amount of alcohol you want to serve.

  1. Restaurant liquor license. a general liquor license that allows you to serve all types of alcohol (also referred to as an “all liquor license”).
  2. Beer and wine liquor license. this will suffice if you plan to serve only beer and wine, but no hard liquor or spirits.
  3. Tavern liquor license. for an establishment whose sales are more than 50% liquor, but also offers food. 


10. Live entertainment and music license

Restaurants and bars need a license from performance rights organizations such as BMI, ASCAP or SESAC to avoid copyright infringement, which can cost between $250 and $500 for background music. Rates vary further depending on if the music is live or recorded, as well as the number of nights music is playing per week and whether or not there’s an entrance fee, amongst other factors.  Playing copyrighted music without a license can cost anywhere from $750 to $30,000 in fines.

How to apply for a live entertainment or music license

ASCAP can help you in the United States and SOCAN in Canada. 

To make this easier for small businesses, Spotify has created a service called Soundtrack Your Brand, which includes pre-licensed soundtracks that you can play in your business, all covered by the monthly subscription fee. However, before signing up, we still recommend checking in with your state laws to ensure that this service has you completely covered.


11. Resale permit

A resale permit enables your restaurant to make specific nontaxable purchases (like wholesale food, for example) if they are to be used for manufacturing products for resale (like your meals). 

Resale certificates avoid the double collection of sales tax on those purchases. What that means is that, rather than collecting sales tax on the product when you first buy it, it’s only collected when your customer buys it. 

How to get a resale permit

Whether or not you need a sales permit depends on your state and your annual sales. Depending on whether your business is located in the U.S. or Canada, you simply need to apply via your government website. 


12. Sales tax license

Sometimes also called a sales tax license, this allows you to legally collect sales tax in your state. This can also be called a sellers permit or sales tax license.


13. Dumpster placement permit

A dumpster permit enables your restaurant to place a dumpster outside your kitchen, where your chefs can dispose of food waste

How much does a dumpster placement permit cost? 

The cost of a dumpster permit varies based on the size of the dumpster, its placement and your restaurant’s location. 


14. Seller’s permit

In the United States and Canada, a seller’s permit (also referred to as a Sales Tax Permit) allows your state or province to identify a business as a collector of sales tax. Most businesses in the food and beverage industry need a seller’s permit, along with a resale permit. 

How to get a seller’s permit

You can get a  seller’s permit by visiting your local government’s website. 

How much does a seller’s permit cost? 

There’s no cost associated to applying for a seller’s permit, but you may need to leave a security deposit in the event that your restaurant closes and you have unpaid taxes (but let’s work together to increase your restaurant’s profit margins and make sure that doesn’t happen). The amount of that deposit will only be determined once you formally apply. 


15. Valet parking permit

If you’re planning to offer valet parking to your guests, you may need a permit to do so. 

How to get a valet parking permit

To apply, you generally need to supply a detailed plan of the designated pickup and drop off area as well as the number of parking spaces you need. You’ll also need a letter of agreement between you and your preferred vendor. 


16. Foodtruck permit

Food trucks have their own unique sets of licenses and permits. They are a unique type of restaurant, after all! 

They generally need all the same licenses as any other restaurant, with the exception of one: mobile food vendor permits. Depending on the city or province, there can be year-long waitlists. It’s best to do a Google search and learn the process for your state or province early on. 


What are your next steps? 

If you’re anything like us, you’ve been adding up the costs of all the restaurant licenses and permits you’re going to need, along with how long it’s going to take you to apply and all the paperwork involved. 

If you’re operating in the United States, we suggest visiting the U.S. Small Business Administration’s website or a local government site (see below for more info) and getting started as early as possible. 

Restaurant license resources, by state

As you may have noticed, the one common theme of restaurant licenses and permits is that “it varies by location.” To make your life easier, we’ve compiled a list of all 50 state food service codes and regulations from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration so you have a jumping-off point on your journey to obtain all the restaurant licenses and permits you need.

State Website
Alabama Department of Public Health Division of Food, Milk & Lodging
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation Food Safety & Sanitation Program
Arizona Department of Health Services Food Safety & Environmental Services
Arkansas Department of Health Food Protection Program
California California Department of Public Health Food Safety Program
Colorado Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment Retail Food Program
Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection, Food and Standards Division
Connecticut Department of Public Health, Food Protection Program
Delaware Department of Health & Social Services Office of Food Protection
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Food Safety
Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulations, Division of Hotels and Restaurants
Florida Department of Health Food Hygiene Program
Georgia Department of Agriculture Food Safety Retail Program  
Georgia Department of Public Health Food Service Program
Hawaii Department of Health Sanitation Branch
Idaho Department of Health & Welfare Food Protection Program
Illinois Department of Public Health Foods, Drugs & Dairies
Indiana Department of Health Food Protection Program
Iowa Department of Inspections & Appeals Food & Consumer Safety Bureau
Kansas Department of Agriculture Food Safety & Lodging
Kentucky Cabinet for Health & Family Services Food Safety Branch
Louisiana Department of Health Retail Food Program
Maine Department of Health & Human Services Health Inspection Program
Maine Department of Agriculture Consumer Food Inspection Unit
Maryland Office of Food Protection
Massachusetts Department of Public Health Food Protection Program
Michigan Department of Agriculture Food Safety & Recalls
Minnesota Department of Health Food Safety
Minnesota Department of Agriculture Dairy & Food Inspection Division
Mississippi Department of Health Food Safety Division
Mississippi Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce
Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services Food Safety
Montana Department of Public Health & Human Services Food & Consumer Safety Section
Nebraska Department of Agriculture Food Division
Nevada Department of Health & Human Services Environmental Health Services
New Hampshire Department of Health & Human Services Food Protection
New Jersey Department of Health & Senior Services Food & Drug Safety Program
New Mexico Environment Department Food Program
New York Department of Agriculture & Markets Division of Food Safety & Inspection
New York Department of Health, Food Handling, Preparation, and Storage
North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services Food Protection and Facilities, Division of Public Health
North Dakota Department of Health Division of Food & Lodging
Ohio Department of Health Food Safety Program
Ohio Ohio Department of Agriculture Food Safety Division
Oklahoma Department of Health Consumer Protection Division
Oregon Department of Human Services Foodborne Illness Prevention Program
Oregon Department of Agriculture Food Safety Division
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture Bureau of Food Safety & Laboratory Services
Rhode Island Department of Health Office of Food Protection
South Carolina Department of Health & Environmental Control Division of Food Protection
South Dakota Department of Health Office of Health Protection
Tennessee Department of Health Division of General Environmental Health
Tennessee Department of Agriculture Regulatory Services Division
Texas Department of State Health Services Food Establishments Group
Utah Department of Agriculture Division of Regulatory Services
Utah Utah Department of Health
Vermont Department of Health Food & Lodging Program
Virginia Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Food Safety & Security Office
Virginia Department of Health Division of Food & General Environmental Health Services
Washington Department of Health Food Safety Program
West Virginia Department of Health & Human Resources Public Health Sanitation Division
West Virginia Department of Agriculture
Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade & Consumer Protection Division of Food Safety
Wisconsin Department of Health Services Food Safety & Recreational Licensing
Wyoming Department of Agriculture Consumer Health Services Section

But don’t forget to do your homework! If you’re feeling overwhelmed while applying for restaurant licenses and permits, consider hiring a restaurant consultant or an attorney with experience in the food and beverage industry to guide you through the process. Not being compliant can come with some hefty fines, so you’re better off doing things right the first time. 

Here are a few other things you should take care of prior to your restaurant’s grand opening:

  • Build your employee handbook so that your staff are brought up to speed on your restaurant’s guidelines, procedures and workflows as fast as possible.
  • Attract qualified candidates for each position you need to fill. The first step to attracting great candidates is to put together a killer job ad
  • Hire the right people for the right job. We’ve talked with successful restaurateurs to find out exactly what personality traits and skillsets you should look for each position you fill. 
  • Find a point of sale that will support your restaurant’s current needs and support your business as it grows and your needs change. Consider it’s inventory, customer and employee management capabilities, hardware, reporting and customer support.

Why is it important for a restaurant to have all the necessary licenses and permits? 

More than just paperwork or documentation, restaurant licenses and permits are essential to maintaining safety in your restaurant, as well as protecting your business from legal headaches and liabilities. 

Consider the following.

They ensure legal compliance

When you operate your restaurant without the required licenses and permits, you violate laws and thus can face fines, penalties and even the closure of the restaurant. 

Having the right licenses and permits ensures that your restaurant can operate without interruptions.

They help promote the safety of your customers, staff and the general public

Many licenses and permits are designed with safety in mind—for your customers and employees. For example, health permits ensure that the restaurant meets sanitation and food safety standards, reducing the risk of foodborne illnesses. Building safety permits ensure that the establishment is safe in case of emergencies.

They enable you to have the right insurance coverage

Insurance companies often require proof of proper licensing and permitting before providing coverage. If you don’t have these documents, you likely won’t be able to obtain insurance. 

And even if you were to get insurance and something were to happen, your provider likely won’t provide the necessary coverage if your licenses and permits aren’t up to snuff. 

They help with quality control

Many licenses and permits require inspections and adherence to specific quality standards. These audits and checks ensure that you maintain a certain level of quality in terms of food safety, cleanliness, etc.

Where should you keep or display restaurant licenses and permits?

Where to keep or display your restaurant permits and licenses depends on each document. Some permits—e.g., your health permit and food service license—may need to be displayed where customers can see them. As such, you’ll need to hang them on a wall, ideally near your entrance so customers and inspectors can see them.

Some licenses and permits don’t need to be displayed prominently, but they should still be accessible. It’s best to use a designated binder or folder in which to keep all your restaurant licenses and permits. Keep them in a filing cabinet or the manager’s office. 

You should also consider creating digital copies of these documents. Store them in the cloud so you can access them from anywhere. Taking this step provides an additional backup and allows for quick access if needed during inspections or inquiries.

What happens if you don’t have the right restaurant permits and licenses?

Not having the right permits and licenses can have serious legal, financial, and operational consequences, including: 

  • Fines and penalties
  • Suspension  or closure 
  • Criminal charges 
  • Loss of trust 
  • Increased expenses 
  • Insurance issues

That’s quite a list of unnecessary and avoidable headaches, so do yourself (and your entire business)—obtain the right restaurant permits and licenses, and ensure they’re valid at all times. 

Grow your business with powerful tools and insights
Starting your restaurant is a big undertaking. Luckily, there’s software that can make your day-to-day operations much easier and more efficient. Start a conversation with one of our in-house restaurant experts to learn more about how Lightspeed can give you the tools your restaurant needs to thrive in today’s economy.

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